Among the many attempts to decrease the rate of healthcare-associated infections is the implementation of specific contact precautions (gloves and gown for entry into rooms of patients colonized or infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria) and universal precautions (gloves and gown for entry into every room) in the intensive care unit. However, the benefits of these precautions are unclear. Croft et al examined whether the use of universal precautions increased the rate of adverse events compared to usual care (gloving and gowning for only those patients on contact precautions).
They found that universal glove and gown use did not have an impact on the overall rate of adverse events, including subtypes of infectious, noninfectious, preventable, or severe adverse events.
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