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January 5, 2015

Concise Critical Appraisal

Vasospasm in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury


Participate in Industry Education at Congress
2016 Congress Call for Session Proposals
Vasospasm in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. While the damage caused by the primary injury may not be alterable by treatment, the effects of the secondary injury—subsequent metabolic, humoral and cellular derangements—can be modified. By ensuring good hemodynamics, gas exchange and intracranial pressure control, physicians can improve outcomes. However, the appearance of vasospasm and subsequent ischemia has been demonstrated in up to 45% of adults with TBI (depending on the criteria used to define vasospasm) and has been associated with worse outcomes. In a recent study, O’Brien et al sought to evaluate the prevalence, time to onset and duration of vasospasm in children with moderate to severe TBI. For their single center, prospective, observational study, the authors enrolled 69 children with TBI (35 subjects had moderate TBI and 34 had severe TBI).

They found that vasospasm occurs in a sizeable number of children with moderate and severe TBI. However, while the authors recommend “aggressive screening” for posttraumatic vasospasm in these patients, appropriate therapies have not been described in any studies. Clearly, future studies should be done to measure long-term outcomes and responses to specific therapies.

Read the full Concise Critical Appraisal by logging into the SCCM eCommunity. Concise Critical Appraisal is a regular feature aimed at highlighting the best and most relevant literature from a variety of academic journals and encouraging discussion around recent studies and research.

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Participate in Industry Education at Congress

The Society of Critical Care Medicine’s (SCCM) 44th Critical Care Congress will be packed with essential clinical information to keep you informed on the latest groundbreaking research and developments in critical care. Each year, industry partners invest significant resources in research and development, placing them at the cutting edge of clinical practice. Take advantage of one of the many industry education opportunities offered.

Promotional Symposia
These non-continuing medical education programs are directly sponsored by industry partners and provide insight into the latest developments, such as candidemia in the intensive care unit and rapid response and code teams.

Promotional symposia take place in a relaxed off-site setting and are free to attend.

In-Booth Education
Visit the Exhibit Hall to gain new ideas and a heightened level of awareness on clinical topics and new technologies through in-booth learning opportunities. In-booth education will take place during normal Exhibit Hall hours:

Sunday, January 18, 2015       9:00 a.m. – 3:45 p.m.
Monday, January 19, 2015      9:00 a.m. – 3:15 p.m.
Tuesday, January 20, 2015     9:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.

Exhibitor-Sponsored Industry Education Workshops
Attend a session on the show floor at the exhibitor-sponsored industry education workshops, located within the Exhibit Hall. Increase your learning opportunities and gain insight on a late-breaking technology or clinical technique.

For full details, visit the Congress Industry Education Web page or contact SCCM Customer Service at +1 847 827-6888.

Registration for Congress will be accepted on site at the Phoenix Convention Center. An SCCM staff member will be available to assist you at the SCCM registration desk, located on the lower level of the Phoenix Convention Center outside Exhibit Hall 5-6, beginning Thursday, January 15, 2015, from 4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

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2016 Congress Call for Session Proposals

Have an idea for a session at the Society of Critical Care Medicine’s (SCCM) 45th Critical Care Congress? Submit your suggestions by March 3, 2015, for possible inclusion in the 2016 program.

Session proposals are submitted using the Congress Session Builder, located on under the MY INVOLVEMENT tab. You need not be an SCCM member to submit and multiple sessions may be suggested for consideration. For complete instructions and to review frequently asked questions, visit or contact SCCM Customer Service at +1 847 827-6888.

The 2016 Critical Care Congress will be held February 20 to 24, 2016, in Orlando, Florida, USA. This five-day event will bring together more than 6,000 critical care clinicians from around the world and will offer opportunities to share creative and stimulating ideas, make valuable connections and obtain inspired perspectives.

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Dinner Symposium: Addressing the Rising Threat of Candidemia in the ICU: Mortality, Resistance and Cost Management through Rapid Species Identification

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