Many patients started on antibiotics for possible ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) do not have pneumonia. Patients with minimal and stable ventilator settings may be suitable candidates for early antibiotic discontinuation. Therefore, Klompas et al set out to compare outcomes amongst patients with suspected VAP but minimal and stable ventilator settings treated with one to three versus more than three days of antibiotics.
Very short antibiotic courses (one to three days) were associated with outcomes similar to longer courses (more than three days) in patients with suspected VAP but minimal and stable ventilator settings.
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